Anal gland disease in cats occurs when the two anal sacs that are on either side of the anus become infected or blocked. The anal sacs contain a fragrant liquid that is excreted whenever cats have a bowel movement or when trying to mark their territory.
Sometimes an anal gland disorder is also known as anal sac disorder. If you see signs of the disease in your cat, then you have to see a vet for a correct diagnosis and treatment.
Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of anal gland disease in cats.
Symptoms of anal gland disease in cats
Anal gland disease in cats usually presents as a set of symptoms and problems affecting the anus and the surrounding area.
Some of the most common symptoms are:
- Rubbing the affected area along the floor (known as scooting)
- Licking or even biting around the affected area
- Chasing their tail more than usual
- Swelling or redness in the anal area
In general, cats suffering from this disease can also become more aggressive in their daily behavior.
Causes of anal gland disease in cats
Anal gland disease in cats is usually caused by either an infection or a collision of the area.
In the case of infections, this happens when bacteria are allowed to accumulate in the anal sacs. If not dealt with quickly, the infection can even turn into an abscess.
Impaction is the term used to describe what happens when the ducts of the anal sacs are blocked. Overweight cats are at higher risk of pinched anal sacs.
Treatments for anal gland disease in cats
If your vet suspects your cat has an anal gland disorder, they will do a full physical exam, paying close attention to the anal area. You can consider testing a sample of your cat’s feces; although most cases are diagnosed through physical examination.
If your cat’s condition is caused by impaction, the vet will hand squeeze the contents of the anal sacs. In some cases, they can do this after you’ve given your cat an anesthetic.
If the disease is caused by an infection, the vet will also give you an antibiotic regimen. As always, if your vet prescribes antibiotics, follow the dosage instructions and complete the entire course.
In either case, your vet will usually give your cat pain medication when she recovers.
Has your cat ever had an anal gland disease? What advice did your veterinarian give you to help your kitten recover? Let us know in the comments section below!