Diabetes mellitus occurs when cats cannot produce enough insulin to balance their blood sugar and glucose levels. A cat suffering from this problem can develop a number of problems, including loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting, or even a coma.
If you see signs of diabetes in your cat, then you have to see a vet for a correct diagnosis and treatment.
Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for diabetes mellitus in cats.
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus in cats
Diabetes mellitus in cats usually shows up in two ways: They drink much more water than usual, and they urinate more often than normal.
In addition to these symptoms, a cat may also:
Causes of Diabetes Mellitus in Cats
The causes of diabetes mellitus in cats are often attributed to a domesticated lifestyle.
A diet high in carbohydrates, which can lead to obesity in cats, is a major cause of diabetes in cats. In addition, the comparatively sedentary everyday life of many domestic cats can also contribute to this health problem.
In some cases, cats who have received corticosteroid treatment may be more likely to have diabetes.
Treatments for diabetes mellitus in cats
If your vet suspects that your cat has diabetes mellitus, they will order a test to monitor the amount of glucose in your cat’s blood and urine. Usually they order more than one test as stress can also affect blood sugar levels and many cats experience stress at the vet.
Once they make a confirmed diagnosis, your veterinarian will monitor your cat’s diet and advise you on how to make it healthier. This often includes switching to a high protein cat food.
In addition to diet, veterinarians often give cats with diabetes mellitus insulin injections to help them manage their daily lifestyle and well-being. Together with insulin syringes, cats need their blood sugar monitoring closely.
Pet parents must continue to give their cats insulin shots at home. This process can seem daunting, but it’s pretty straightforward. Most pet parents find it easy after the first few times – in many cases even easier than daily grooming.
There is usually no cure for the condition, but with close monitoring, good diet, and exercise, diabetes can go into remission. Cats can live full lives with the disease as long as their humans help them stay healthy.
Have you ever cared for a cat with diabetes mellitus? What advice did your vet give you? Let us know in the comment section below.